The development of psychology has gone through three paradigm shifts. The philosophical ground of behaviorism is empiricism or positivism. Cognitive psychology is grounded on transcendental idealism of post-positivism. Indigenous psychology should be grounded on transcendental realism as advocated by Critical Realism (Bhaskar, 1975, 1978). According to the principle of cultural psychology, “One mind, many mentalities” (Shweder, et al., 1998), indigenous psychology is destined to construct culture-inclusive theories to represent the universal mind of human beings, on the one hand, as well as mentalities of people in a particular culture, on the other. In the age of globalization, those theories may incorporate both intentional psychology and scientific psychology as advocated by Vygotsky (1896-1934) in order to resolve the challenge left by Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920), who failed to study cultural issues with the so-called scientific methods. Asian countries have a rich cultural heritage that is conducive to promoting positive psychology, thus the theme of this Conference is: “Constructing Culture-inclusive Theories of Positive Psychology：Theoretical Construction and its Application.” We hope that this theme might be applied to fields such as, but not limited to, organizational management, counseling and guidance, psychotherapy, and mental health.